Domestic goat (lat.Capra hircus), as well she is known as an ordinary goat — a mammal (lat.Mammalia) artiodactyl from the genus of mountain goats (lat.Capra), the family of ruminants (lat.Cavicornia). More than 11 thousand years ago (this is the period of the Stone Age), the ancestor of the domestic goat — the wild bearded or bezoar goat (lat.Capra hircus aegagrus) — was domesticated in the territory of Western Asia. Since then, common goats have evolved and spread throughout the world.
The species consists of 6 subspecies:
- Capra hircus aegagrus.
- Capra hircus cretica.
- Capra hircus jourensis.
- Capra hircus picta.
- Capra hircus chialtanensis /head
- Capra hircus hircus — it is a domesticated form of goats distributed throughout the world.
Goats have gained popularity and distribution due to their compact size, sociable nature, high-calorie milk, hypoallergenic wool and meat. The peculiarity of goat meat is that it is less high in calories, for example, than beef or chicken, but it contains more protein. Goat meat is saturated with fatty acids, minerals, amino acids.
- Body length — 50-75 cm.
- Height at withers — 40-50 cm.
- Body weight — from 40 to 65 kg.
Domestic goat color varies depending on the range and genetic selection. The most common goat hair colors are solid white and black, or speckled — all shades of brown and gray.
Daytime, terrestrial, gregarious.
Due to the history of origin, goats are characterized by the fact that they can independently get their food in an area with sparse vegetation, and therefore they are undemanding to keeping at home. Goats feed on pasture: grasses, alfalfa (Medicago sativa), chicory, legumes, shrubs, young tree shoots, grapes, hay, fruits and grains. They breed once a year, one fruit is born. The life span of a domestic goat is 15-17 years.
Goats in Animal Park
They are our most sociable pets. The appearance of the goats, their behavior and temperament evoke strong positive emotions of the guests of our Park. Which, in turn, stimulate the formation and development of emotional intelligence of the visitors of Animal Park. The ability to experience and manage emotions are two parts of emotional intelligence — of a happy life.